Is it Possible to Restore Files From an SSD?
Yes, but with certain limitations that are not an issue with data recovery performed on traditional mechanical hard drives. Due to the technology known as SSD TRIM, it is virtually impossible for data recovery software to restore data from an SSD drive when files or folders have been deleted. However, in situations where you have inadvertently formatted a partition or are experiencing performance problems, an SSD file recovery can be done using a data recovery application.
It has become very common to find a solid state drive (SSD) in modern laptop computers or PCs due to their size, economical power consumption, and data read/write speed. As they become more prevalent in the computing community, so too does the possibility of their owners experiencing a data loss event. Unfortunately, some of the tools that users have relied on to undelete deleted files do not function with an SSD. Let’s look at how you can retrieve data from a formatted or failed SSD.
To recover data from an SSD follow these steps:
Step 1. Download and install Disk Drill on the computer that will conduct the SSD recovery. This should not be the computer that contains the target disk.
Step 2. Connect the device that contains the SSD from which data will be recovered to the machine with Disk Drill installed.
Step 3. Launch Disk Drill.
Step 4. Select the disk or partition on which recovery will be performed from the list presented by the application.
Step 5. Click the Search for lost data button to initiate Disk Drill’s scanning algorithms which will identify any files that can be recovered.
Step 6. Choose the files to be recovered. At this point, you also select a storage location for the restored data which should not be on the SSD being recovered.
Step 7. Click the Recover button to perform the data recovery.
Not all SSDs have TRIM enabled. If yours does not, then you can follow the steps above to recover deleted files as well as data from drives that are malfunctioning or that have been mistakenly formatted.
To increase your chances of getting successful results:
- Before you begin to execute the recovery steps you need to stop using the device that contains the SSD. This should be done immediately upon discovering that you suspect that you will need to perform an SSD data recovery. If the drive is the main disk of your computer, you will need to perform the data recovery from another connected computer.
- You should not download and install Disk Drill on the SSD drive that will be used in the data recovery. The goal is to eliminate all disk activity with the SSD until the recovery is complete. One exception is if you are going to use the drive to make a sector-by-sector copy that will be used to perform the actual disk recovery. One of Disk Drill’s additional features is the ability to create this type of backup for data recovery purposes.
An SSD is a solid state drive that relies on flash memory chips to perform data storage. A classic hard drive or HDD stores data magnetically on metallic platters and accesses this data with moveable read/write heads. This affects how data is deleted from the two types of devices, which in turn, impacts the viability of data recovery software to address file deletions.
The platters of an HDD physically retain data that has been logically deleted from them until the space is reused and the former information is overwritten. This enables data recovery software to access the files and make them logically available to the system again. When data is deleted from an SSD, the flash memory is essentially cleared, leaving no file remnants to be scavenged by software recovery tools. In some cases, specialized hardware recovery can be enacted on an SSD.
The popularity of SSDs is due to a number of factors. Due to the lack of moving parts, in comparison with an HDD, a solid state drive is quieter and uses less power. They also provide much faster access to their data. SSDs employ random access where an HDD accesses data sequentially. This also explains why SSDs are not subject to file fragmentation as are hard drives.
A comparably sized HDD is less expensive than an SSD, and for large-scale storage, hard disk drives are still the way to go. An advantage of SSDs is that they are not constrained by size. SSDs smaller than 2.5 inches are being built to offer faster speed and utility with mobile devices or computers. PC users commonly use SSDs for operating systems due to its speed which offers better performance than an HDD.
Popular solid-state drives from different brands:
- Samsung 970 Pro
- Intel Optane 905
- Crucial MX500
- Toshiba OCZ RD400
- SanDisk Ultra 3D SSD
Solid state drives have been around since the 1950s, employing magnetic core memos and card capacitor read-only storage. They were known as auxiliary memory units used with vacuum-tube computers. The drives were made obsolete by less expensive drum storage.
From an economic perspective, in 1991 a 20MB SSD would set you back around $1,000. Contrast that with an Intel 128GB drive for under $50 that you can purchase and install in your machine today.
Based on whether your SSD has TRIM enabled or the type of data loss you have experienced, data recovery software may be able to restore your lost files. The most essential step is to immediately stop using the device that contains the SSD you suspect of data loss.